/Tag: environment

Forests shaped more by Native Americans’ burning

Native Americans' use of fire to manage vegetation in what is now the Eastern United States was more profound than previously believed, according to a Penn State researcher who determined that forest composition change in the region was caused more by land use than climate change. "I believe Native Americans were excellent vegetation managers and

2019-05-22T06:24:45-05:00Tags: |

Water every 10 days

New Delhi (CNN)Hundreds of empty plastic jugs wait in rows on the cracked, dry, dusty earth. Hovering expectantly nearby, the residents of Vasant Kunj slum in South Delhi, one of the city's largest and poorest, stand waiting for a government water tanker to arrive. It's been 10 days. Ten days since they last received a

2019-05-21T06:11:15-05:00Tags: |

Breaking cycle of poverty could start in preschool

New research from one of the country’s leading experts in childhood development shows high-quality educational interventions in a child’s first few years of life can result in lasting economic, health and social benefits that extend beyond a single generation. In 2010, James Heckman, a Nobel Laureate with the University of Chicago’s Center for the Economics

2019-05-14T05:41:05-05:00Tags: |

Cut emissions and poverty, not trees,..

LONDON (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Giving local communities the responsibility to manage forests - which are shrinking worldwide - could help ease poverty and deforestation, scientists said on Monday in what they described as one of the largest studies of its kind. Researchers examined more than 18,000 community-led forest initiatives in Nepal, using satellite images

2019-05-11T08:26:27-05:00Tags: |

‘The future of life on Earth lies in the balance’

Almost 600 conservation experts have signed the Call4Nature open letter written by wildlife charity WWF, which is being published to coincide with the IPBES report (see letter below). Overfishing “We are overfishing our oceans at an alarming rate and choking them with plastic and other pollutants. If we want to see healthy seas that will

2019-05-07T06:38:27-05:00Tags: |

An Optimistic Future for Poverty and the Environment in Sudan

KHARTOUM, SUDAN — Environmental problems have a particularly devastating impact on impoverished communities already strained for resources. Soil erosion and land degradation create food shortages, pollution and insufficient waste management contaminate water while increased occurrences of extreme weather cause disastrous damage to community infrastructure and resources. Further entrenching poverty, the world’s poor are the most

2019-04-30T06:26:21-05:00Tags: |

Stanford experts discuss disposing of waste

Waste ain’t what it used to be. Since China largely closed the door to imported garbage last year, recycling costs have increased considerably and programs have disappeared or scaled back in communities across the United States. The shift creates an opportunity for reassessing how we create and dispose of waste. The issue is urgent. Plastic,

2019-04-27T14:50:38-05:00Tags: |

Tips to Reduce How Much Pesticide Enters the Environment

Growers face many challenges in running a vegetable operation, from managing labor to dealing with changing weather conditions. They also must consistently produce high-yielding crops that meet buyers’ strict conditions and quality standards. The presence of insects, as well as damage caused by these pests, can render a crop unmarketable. Lettuce, for example, may not

2019-04-24T07:09:10-05:00Tags: |

Michigan mulls lifting barrier to solar energy on farmland

As states consider the compatibility of utility-scale solar projects on farmland, Michigan Gov. Gretchen Whitmer’s administration is revisiting a state policy that the industry says has acted as a barrier. Michigan’s Farmland and Open Space Preservation Program provides tax incentives to landowners who keep land under contract for agricultural practices for decades. In 2017, under

2019-04-24T07:20:34-05:00Tags: |

Evidence suggests volcanoes caused biggest mass extinction

Researchers say mercury buried in ancient rock provides the strongest evidence yet that volcanoes caused the biggest mass extinction in the history of the Earth. The extinction 252 million years ago was so dramatic and widespread that scientists call it "the Great Dying." The catastrophe killed off more than 95 percent of life on Earth

2019-04-23T08:06:41-05:00Tags: |

How are we doing with the environment-related Sustainable Development Goals?

In 2015, the United Nations’ 193 member states established an agenda for the future: 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to meet by 2030. The goals encompass economic, social and environmental dimensions of development. To evaluate environmental targets, the United Nations in 2018 identified 93 indicators: statistics such as the material footprint of nations, the national

2019-04-19T08:08:17-05:00Tags: |

Plastic’s carbon footprint

From campaigns against microplastics to news of the great Pacific garbage patch, public awareness is growing about the outsized effect plastic has on the world's oceans. However, its effect on the air is far less obvious. Plastic production, use, and disposal all emit prodigious amounts of greenhouse gasses, but scientists haven't had a firm grasp

2019-04-16T15:09:17-05:00Tags: |

The UN’s Global Environmental Outlook Is Grim, But..

The Sixth Global Environment Outlook (GEO-6), the most comprehensive environmental assessment produced by the UN in five years, brought us both good and bad news. The environment has continued to deteriorate since the first GEO-6 report in 1997, with potentially irreversible impacts if not effectively addressed. But pathways to significant change do exist, and a

2019-04-15T06:56:15-05:00Tags: |

Analysis of Wikipedia searches reveals treasure trove of biodiversity secrets

An international team of researchers from the University of Oxford, the University of Birmingham and Ben-Gurion University of the Negev have found that the way in which people use the internet is closely tied to patterns and rhythms in the natural world. This finding, publishing March 5 in the open-access journal PLOS Biology, suggests new

2019-04-12T07:00:18-05:00Tags: |

Sustainable Innovation Expo unveils cutting edge technologies

The Sustainable Innovation Expo kicks off on Monday at the UN Environment Assembly in Kenya, where it will showcase over 42 technologies and innovative solutions from around the world. The Expo is the UN Environment Assembly’s solution-based platform for engaging innovators using exhibitions that reveal the latest technologies, panel discussions, and networking opportunities. The Expo’s

2019-04-07T17:37:50-05:00Tags: |

Pristine Air Reveals Pollution’s Impact

Five years ago, in March 2014, researchers spent three hours packed aboard a steamy Gulfstream-1 research aircraft as it zig-zagged between pristine air over the Amazon rainforest and polluted air nearby. It was like a trip back (and forth) through time, as scientists weaved between the two vastly different settings, snagging air samples characteristic of today’s industrial

2019-04-05T07:44:13-05:00Tags: |

The future of agriculture is computerized

What goes into making plants taste good? For scientists in MIT’s Media Lab, it takes a combination of botany, machine-learning algorithms, and some good old-fashioned chemistry. Using all of the above, researchers in the Media Lab’s Open Agriculture Initiative report that they have created basil plants that are likely more delicious than any you have

2019-04-04T08:11:08-05:00Tags: |

New ‘blue-green’ solution for recycling world’s batteries

Rice University researchers literally have a solution to deal with the glut of used lithium-ion batteries left behind by the ever-increasing demand for electric vehicles, cellphones and other electronic devices. The Rice lab of materials scientist Pulickel Ajayan used an environmentally friendly deep eutectic solvent to extract valuable elements from the metal oxides commonly used

2019-04-02T07:51:01-05:00Tags: |