Fighting Disease

///Fighting Disease

A Deadly 18th Century Disease Is Making a Comeback in Some of The World’s Richest Countries

In the modern world, we don't think of malnutrition as something found in wealthy countries, like the United States. And yet, a notorious 18th century disease caused by the lack of a single vitamin has been rearing its head in a nation that wastes a quarter of its food every year. Vitamin C was only

2018-08-14T06:34:46-05:00Tags: |

Rotavirus vaccine cuts infant deaths by a third in Malawi

The study led by scientists at the University of Liverpool, UCL, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and partners in Malawi provides the first population-level evidence from a low-income country that rotavirus vaccination saves lives. The findings, published in The Lancet Global Health, add considerable weight to the World Health Organisation’s (WHO) recommendation for

2018-08-13T08:18:22-05:00Tags: |

Brain discovery could block aging’s terrible toll on the mind

Aging vessels connecting the brain and the immune system play critical roles in both Alzheimer's disease and the decline in cognitive ability that comes with time, new research reveals. By improving the function of the lymphatic vessels, scientists at the University of Virginia School of Medicine have dramatically enhanced aged mice's ability to learn and

2018-07-30T07:28:17-05:00Tags: |

Discovery reveals how obesity causes disease — and two ways to stop it

New research from the University of Virginia School of Medicine explains why obesity causes harmful inflammation that can lead to diabetes, clogged arteries and other health problems. Doctors may be able to use this knowledge to battle these chronic diseases and others driven by damaging inflammation. "All these diseases have a common denominator," said researcher

2018-07-25T19:59:46-05:00Tags: |

Immunotherapy doubles survival rates for patients with melanoma brain metastases

Cancer immunotherapies and targeted therapy have revolutionized how clinicians take care of patients with advanced skin cancer and have led to long lasting treatment responses for many of them. However, little is known about the survival impact of these therapies for a substantial group of patients. Melanoma patients with cancer that has spread to the

2018-07-16T09:34:26-05:00Tags: |

Bioengineers create pathway to personalized medicine

Engineering cellular biology, minus the actual cell, is a growing area of interest in biotechnology and synthetic biology. It’s known as cell-free protein synthesis, or CFPS, and it has potential to provide sustainable ways to make chemicals, medicines and biomaterials. Unfortunately, a long-standing gap in cell-free systems is the ability to manufacture glycosylated proteins –

2018-07-16T09:14:32-05:00Tags: |

Biomarker discovered for pathogen that can blind or kill healthy young people

BUFFALO, N.Y. — Imagine a pathogen that infects completely healthy people and can cause blindness in one day and flesh-eating infections, brain abscesses and death in just a few days. Now imagine that this pathogen is also resistant to all antibiotics. This is the nightmare scenario that obsesses Thomas A. Russo, MD, professor of medicine

2018-07-08T07:12:21-05:00Tags: |

Putting the brakes on metastatic cancer

In a new study published in Nature Communications, the team found that by inhibiting several newly identified gene targets they could block more than 99.5 per cent of cancer metastasis in living cells. "The potential significance is incredible," said John Lewis, the Alberta Cancer Foundation Frank and Carla Sojonky Chair in Prostate Cancer Research at

2018-06-25T09:47:36-05:00Tags: |

Why being left-handed matters for mental health treatment

According to a radical new model of emotion in the brain, a current treatment for the most common mental health problems could be ineffective or even detrimental to about 50 percent of the population. Since the 1970s, hundreds of studies have suggested that each hemisphere of the brain is home to a specific type of

2018-06-19T15:39:12-05:00Tags: |

Ghana eliminates trachoma

Ghana has become the first country in sub-Saharan Africa to eliminate trachoma, the leading infectious cause of blindness worldwide, the World Health Organization announced Wednesday. Experts credited community, regional, and international collaboration across the public and private sectors for stamping out the disease, which in 2000 threatened more than 2.8 million people in Ghana with blindness, or

2018-06-22T03:16:42-05:00Tags: |

A better way of living

There was an irony to Aaron Bernstein’s getting stuck in traffic recently. The Harvard Medical School professor and physician at Boston Children’s Hospital was on his way to Allston to give a talk about the health benefits of going green. “As a routine bicyclist, I rarely drive anywhere in Boston, and I was reminded on

2018-06-18T14:44:03-05:00Tags: |

Scientists find potential disease-fighting ‘warheads’ hidden in bacteria

Bacteria found in soil may harbor a potential game-changer for drug design. A new study by Scripps Research, published today in Nature Communications, suggests scientists could build better drugs by learning from bacteria-derived molecules called thiocarboxylic acids. The finding comes from Ben Shen, PhD, and his colleagues on the Florida campus of Scripps Research. The

2018-06-18T10:44:26-05:00Tags: |

Researchers reverse cognitive impairments in mice with dementia

Reversing memory deficits and impairments in spatial learning is a major goal in the field of dementia research. A lack of knowledge about cellular pathways critical to the development of dementia, however, has stood in the way of significant clinical advance. But now, researchers at the Lewis Katz School of Medicine at Temple University (LKSOM)

2018-06-09T12:10:45-05:00Tags: |

New approach to immunotherapy is beating breast cancer

A novel approach to immunotherapy developed by researchers at the National Cancer Institute (NCI) has led to the complete regression of breast cancer in a patient who was unresponsive to all other treatments. This patient received the treatment in a clinical trial led by Steven A. Rosenberg, M.D., Ph.D., chief of the Surgery Branch at

2018-06-08T08:08:45-05:00Tags: |

One in every five deaths in young adults is opioid-related in the United States: study

One out of every five deaths among young adults in the United States is related to opioids, suggests a study led by researchers in Canada. The study, published today in JAMA Network Open and led by St. Michael’s Hospital in Toronto, ON, found that the percentage of deaths attributable to opioids in the U.S. increased

2018-06-06T08:52:52-05:00Tags: |

Hospital Superbug Uses Tiny Sticky Fingers to Infect Medical Tools and Devices

The antibiotic-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii bacterium is one of the most globally harmful bacteria that causes nosocomial infections. Researchers at the University of Turku have discovered that the bacterium attaches to plastic medical devices using tiny finger-like structures. The researchers were able to develop antibodies that prevent the bacterial spread. Infections related to hospitals and medical

2018-06-02T07:23:37-05:00Tags: |

Opening a new door to immunity

A new study could have major implications for our understanding of disease processes for conditions such as autoimmunity, atherosclerosis and heart failure, potentially leading to better prevention and treatment. Dr. Edward T.H. Yeh, chairman of the Department of Medicine and director of the Center for Precision Medicine at the University of Missouri School of Medicine,

2018-05-14T08:19:07-05:00Tags: |

Symptoms of osteoarthritis lessened with simple changes to the diet

In the largest, most up to date study of its kind, researchers from the University of Surrey examined the link between diet and the effective self-management of osteoarthritis. Analysing 68 previous studies in the field, researchers found that a low-dose supplement of fish oil (one and a half standard capsules) could result in pain reduction

2018-05-09T07:29:19-05:00Tags: |