Poverty and health: could epigenetics play a part?

Socioeconomic status and health prospects have been closely associated for some time. Previous theories have established the obvious impacts of poverty on nutrition, stress and available exercise time as the leading drivers for this correlation. However, a recent study led by Thomas McDade of Northwestern University has found that poverty can, in fact, leave impressions

2019-04-19T07:40:29-05:00Tags: |

Heart patch could limit muscle damage in heart attack aftermath

Researchers have designed a new type of adhesive patch that can be placed directly on the heart and may one day help to reduce the stretching of heart muscle that often occurs after a heart attack. The patch, made from a water-based hydrogel material, was developed using computer simulations of heart function in order to

2019-04-18T08:26:28-05:00Tags: |

Penn Medicine treats two cancer patients with gene-editing tool CRISPR

Clinicians at the University of Pennsylvania have treated two cancer patients with CRISPR, a gene-editing technology that enables precise modifications to DNA. The patients were treated as part of a recently launched U.S. CRISPR study at the Abramson Cancer Center, a Penn Medicine spokesperson confirmed Tuesday. One patient has multiple myeloma, a cancer that forms

2019-04-17T06:53:36-05:00Tags: |

Scientists print first 3D heart using patient’s biological materials

In a major medical breakthrough, Tel Aviv University researchers have "printed" the world's first 3D vascularised engineered heart using a patient's own cells and biological materials. Their findings were published on April 15 in a study in Advanced Science. Until now, scientists in regenerative medicine -- a field positioned at the crossroads of biology and

2019-04-16T07:30:47-05:00Tags: |

Penn Med researchers find potential treatment for pancreatic tumors

A new Penn Medicine study found a treatment that shrinks pancreatic tumors in most patients in an early phase clinical trial. Researchers of the Abramson Cancer Center conducted a clinical trial where patients with untreated pancreatic cancer received standard chemotherapy treatments and an experimental antibody targeting CD40 proteins.The clinical trial saw pancreatic tumors shrink in

2019-04-15T07:07:34-05:00Tags: |

Stress-related disorders linked to heightened risk of cardiovascular disease

Stress related disorders -- conditions triggered by a significant life event or trauma -- may be linked to a heightened risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), finds a large Swedish study published in The BMJ today. The risk of severe and acute CVD events, such as cardiac arrest and heart attack, was particularly high in the

2019-04-12T06:46:16-05:00Tags: |

Novel 5-minute workout improves blood pressure, may boost brain function

Could working out five minutes a day, without lifting a single weight or jogging a single step, reduce your heart attack risk, help you think more clearly and boost your sports performance? Preliminary results from a clinical trial of Inspiratory Muscle Strength Training (IMST), presented this week at the Experimental Biology conference in Orlando, suggest

2019-04-12T06:39:17-05:00Tags: |

Can you tell the difference between a short-term health plan and full coverage?

As skimpy health plans with limited coverage become more available, people shopping for insurance are at risk of buying a plan that doesn’t meet their needs — because it can be hard to tell the difference. That’s what happened to Stephanie Sena, an adjunct Villanova University professor whose story was published in The Inquirer on

2019-04-10T07:55:26-05:00Tags: |

Safeguarding the health of people and planet through food

UNITED NATIONS: Food sustainability, both in production and consumption, is at the heart of a healthy public and planet. On World Health Day, it is increasingly clear that a radical transformation of the global food system is sorely needed. “In recent years we have witnessed a gradual departure from sustainable food models, such as the

2019-04-07T18:18:48-05:00Tags: |

A single-dose antidote may help prevent fentanyl overdoses

Synthetic opioids outlast current antidotes. A nanoparticle-based alternative could fix that. A newly developed single-dose opioid antidote lasts several days, a study in mice shows. If the results can be duplicated in humans, the treatment may one day help prevent overdoses from deadly drugs like fentanyl. Normally, a dose of the opioid antidote naloxone passes

2019-04-04T08:19:50-05:00Tags: |

A promising molecular target for cancer treatment

Columbia University scientists, in collaboration with researchers from Nimbus Therapeutics, have demystified a metabolic enzyme that could be the next major molecular target in cancer treatment. The team has successfully determined the 3D structure of human ATP-citrate lyase (ACLY) -- which plays a key role in cancer cell proliferation and other cellular processes -- for

2019-04-03T16:18:33-05:00Tags: |

Artificial intelligence can predict premature death

Computers which are capable of teaching themselves to predict premature death could greatly improve preventative healthcare in the future, suggests a new study by experts at the University of Nottingham. The team of healthcare data scientists and doctors have developed and tested a system of computer-based 'machine learning' algorithms to predict the risk of early

2019-04-02T07:40:23-05:00Tags: |

How Can Doctors Be Sure A Self-Taught Computer Is Making The Right Diagnosis?

Some computer scientists are enthralled by programs that can teach themselves how to perform tasks, such as reading X-rays. Many of these programs are called "black box" models because the scientists themselves don't know how they make their decisions. Already these black boxes are moving from the lab toward doctors' offices. The technology has great

2019-04-01T07:19:30-05:00Tags: |

Scientists find brain mechanism that naturally combats overeating

Food is, generally speaking, a good thing. In addition to being quite tasty, it is also necessary for survival. That's why animals have evolved robust physiological systems that attract them to food and keep them coming back for more. Now, research in mice reveals the existence of brain cells that have the opposite effect, curbing

2019-03-30T18:15:17-05:00Tags: |

Reward types impact effectiveness of wellness programs

Employee wellness programs are popular among businesses seeking to increase productivity and cut health care costs. However, many firms have struggled to reap those benefits due to low employee motivation. New research from BYU accounting professors finds evidence that the problem may lie in how the employees are choosing to reward themselves. Previous research shows

2019-03-29T08:44:19-05:00Tags: |